Cuba is first country to eliminate HIV and syphilis transmission during birth

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HAVANA, CUBA – Cuba has become the first country in the world to eliminate the transmission of HIV or syphilis from mother to child during childbirth.

Women with HIV have a 15 to 45 percent chance of transmitting the virus to their children during pregnancy, labor, delivery or breastfeeding.

However, if antiretroviral drugs are given to mothers and children, the risk drops to a little more than one percent.

Diagnosis and treatment of syphilis during pregnancy eliminates the chance of transmission.

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